A strain is a group of plants separated from others of the same variety by a unique intrinsic quality. Indica and Sativa are the major strains found in Cannabis. The Sativa strain grows mainly in hot dry climate, e.g. Africa, Central America, and South East Asia, while Indica can be found in various parts of Asia. Although distinct, the effects that these strains have on the body are not exact.
The classification of marijuana strains was done by Jean Baptiste Lamarck ,a French naturalist in the 1700s.He found out that the Indica strain(Latin name for India, it’s origin) was shorter and had wider leaves of a dark green color. The Canada’s Cheap Weed, however, was taller ( some grow to even 12 feet) and had leaves that were narrow .Apart from these, indica grows faster than sativa. Carl Linnaeus,a Swedish botanist, was the the first to term these psychoactive plants scientifically are Cannabis Sativa in 1753.
Effects of use
Research on the effects of these two strains is not extensive. However, surveys have been done and data collected from users and retailers in cannabis legal areas .A difference in the concentration of the two main cannabinoids: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) in Cannabis bring about the difference in effects. Most people conclude that the Indica cannabis strain is relaxing and therapeutic. This is due to a higher concentration of CBD as compared to THC. Sativa causes a stimulating effect due to a higher THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) to CBD (Cannabidiol) ratio than Indica.
The two Cannabis strains have different uses in the present age. Sativa is used to boost productivity and creativity due to its stimulating effect and “buzz” feeling while Indica is used to reduce anxiety and help with pain and insomnia. Due to its relaxing nature, Indica is recreationally used mostly in the nighttime as people wind down after a busy day while Indica is used in the busy daytime.It however, suffices to say that these effects are subjective.
Marijuana use is a contentious issue around the world. Although there has been an increase in the countries legalizing Cannabis use and production, many countries have also banned its production and consumption. Research remains to be done to know more about the Cannabis plant. Knowledge about the difference between indica and sativa cannabis strains would go a long way in the unraveling its effects. Who knows, it might even have other uses.